From Beginner to Expert: Understanding Amazon Seller Fees

Last Updated:
June 27, 2018

TLDR

  • Two types of seller accounts: Professional ($39.99/month) and Individual (No monthly, $.99/sale and up to 40 items) 
  • Product Sales Fees: Referral Fee and Variable Closing Fee
  • Standard FBA Fees: Packaging/Processing, Shipping
  • Other FBA Fees: Oversized Products, FBA Label Service, Long Term Storage Fees
amazon fees

Make no mistake, when it comes to getting the most eyeballs for whatever physical product you are selling, there is no better place than Amazon. This platform has turned product sales into a science. 

Regardless of the product you are thinking of selling, it's always a good idea to have a clear working understanding of the costs you'll be working with so you can make an informed decision whether to use Amazon or not.

Fees depend on the kind of product you plan to sell on Amazon (similar to eBay). In addition to product-based fees, you also should devote attention to variable costs. This can get quite tricky because if you're just focused on fixed costs, your variable costs might eat into your profit margin.

It doesn't really matter whether you're just starting or you're scaling up your product line. You need to have a clear understanding of the relevant fees so you can project your profits accurately. This information is crucial for deciding important strategic decisions.

The 3 Key Costs in Amazon

fulfillment by amazon fees

There are three main grouping of costs that you need to be aware of when it comes to selling on Amazon.

  1. Fees Related to Product Sales
  2. Seller Account-Related Fees
  3. FBA Fees or Shipping Costs

What follows is a compilation of all the information you'll need regarding these three clusters of Amazon-related fees.

1. First Category of Amazon Fees: Fees Related to Product Sales

For every sale you make on Amazon, you will get hit by three different seller fees. These depend on the per unite price of the product you sold and that item's category.

a. Referral Fee (This ranges from 6% to 20% of your unit's sale price)

It doesn't really matter whether you are a Pro or an Individual seller, you will have to pay a referral fee every time you get a sale through the Amazon platform. There are two factors that determine this fee:

  1. Category of the product you sold
  2. Price of the unit sold

Generally speaking, sellers usually pay close to 15% of the price of the products sold. This is the referral fee they have to pay. 

To get the exact figure for your referral fee, check out the schedule of Amazon seller fees (click here).

Minimum Referral Fee (This can be $0 to as much as $2)

The minimum referral fee only applies to certain product categories. 

If the product you sold is in a category that is covered by the minimum referral fee, the product category referral fee or the minimum referral fee will apply, whichever costs more. 

The good news is that you won't be liable for both. Amazon will just charge you the higher of the two costs.

b. Variable Closing Fee (This applies to media categories and costs $1.80)

If you're selling products that are classified as media, you will be on the hook for an add-on fee called the variable closing fee. This is a flat fee of $1.80 which is added to whatever referral fee you are paying.

Media categories cover:

  • Game consoles
  • Video games and software
  • Video
  • Music
  • Books
  • DVD

2. Second Category of Amazon Fees: Seller Account-Related Fees

seller fees on amazon

This category has different fee amounts of

depending on the type of account you register for. There are two types available: Pro and Individual. 

The Individual seller account is geared more towards people who are looking to sell on Amazon on a part-time basis. They tend to sell at low volumes, and their sales are fairly erratic.

On the other hand, the Pro seller account is aimed at people looking to produce high sales volumes and who want to sell on Amazon on a professional or regular basis.

Here's the breakdown of these two types of accounts and their fees:

a. Individual Seller

The Amazon Individual seller account is designed primarily for individuals selling on Amazon who make occasional sales. There's not much needed for you to set up your account. You can just fill out a form and start selling using the Amazon individualized seller account program.

You don't have to pay a monthly fee. In the event you make a sale, you pay $0.99 for every sale you make. Please note that this fee is added on to all other fees you have to pay.

Main Drawback of Individual Seller

The main drawback of Amazon Individual seller accounts is their limitations. Compared to the Pro accounts, the Individual seller accounts are very limited:

  • You can only move a maximum of 40 items per month
  • You cannot upload your product listings in bulk
  • You can only sell certain products in a limited range of categories
  • Your customers cannot get their purchases gift-wrapped
  • You don't get access to Amazon's inventory management features
  • You have to pay $0.99 on top of every sale

b. Amazon Pro Merchant Accounts

If you think that you're going to be moving more than 40 units every month, you definitely need to look at signing up for the Amazon Pro seller program. This account charges $39.99 per month, but it packs a lot more features for serious businesses.

Here are just some of the benefits you get with this type of seller account:

  • You can sell as many units as you want
  • No limit to the number of products you can list
  • You can upload your product listings in bulk
  • Your account is integrated with major e-commerce and order management platforms
  • You can use this account with the Amazon FBA program
  • Your customers get access to gift-wrapping

3. Third Category of Amazon Fees: Shipping Costs and Credits

amazon fba calculator

If you don't plan to use the Amazon FBA program and are thinking of shipping the orders you fulfill yourself, Amazon can assist you by giving you shipping credits. Keep in mind that while these credits do help, they may not always cover your entire shipping cost. In fact, for a lot of sellers who are unaware, these credits easily become an additional expense.

The key factors impacting your shipping fees and the amount of shipping credit Amazon will give you are the type, weight, and size of the products you plan to sell. 

For smaller, more compact and lighter items, the shipping credit might actually be more than what you actually pay in shipping. However, if you are selling heavy or bulky products, you end up spending more on shipping for every unit you sell.

Given the shipping costs involved in direct sales and merchant fulfillment, more and more sellers on Amazon have switched over to Amazon's FBA or "Fulfillment by Amazon" program to take care of their shipping needs.

Amazon FBA (Fulfillment by Amazon) Fees

Whether you are a professional or an individual seller, you can use Amazon's FBA system to take care of all your fulfillment needs. This service covers everything from stocking your product, picking out each item as it is sold, and shipping each order directly to the customer. All this is done by Amazon through their very powerful fulfillment infrastructure.

What exactly do you get with the FBA system? First of all, you get peace of mind because you're no longer doing direct product fulfillment. Amazon takes care of that headache for you. Second, you can get a potential sales boost because of your access to Amazon Prime buyers.

But before you get too excited, take a look at the FBA fee breakdown below:

FBA Fee Coverage

The FBA fees are actually made up of four different fees compiled into one:

  • Selection
  • Packaging
  • Processing
  • Shipping

This fee covers the management of your products at Amazon's FBA fulfillment centers. It takes care of everything, starting with packing all the way to shipping.

Monthly Storage Fees for Your Inventory

For the FBA system to work, you have to ship your inventory to your designated Amazon fulfillment center. Once delivered, your inventory, of course, takes up real estate. 

Amazon has to charge you for holding that inventory while you wait for sales. You are getting charged by Amazon for any space your inventory takes in the company's warehouses.

FBA Fee Basis

How are FBA fees determined? The two key factors are the weight and the size of the products you are storing at Amazon's warehouses.

Please understand that these include each product's packaging. Don't think that the warehousing is just focused on the specific product itself. You are actually being charged based on the packaged size of your product.

For example, you may be selling a fairly small USB device, but if the product it comes in is fairly big, you will be charged partly based on the dimensions of its packaging.

Amazon uses two separate size categories for FBA products. It categorizes all the products going into its warehouses into two broad categories.

Standard Sized Units

These are products that weigh below 20 pounds. Their packaged dimensions do not exceed 18"x14"x8".

Oversized Products

This is a catchall category for all other products that exceed the dimensions and weight of standard sized products. Look at the FBA table from Amazon below to get a clear and realistic impression of your potential costs.

Every month your product sits in Amazon's warehouses unsold, you will be charged the FBA fees below. It's also important to remember that these fees are charged on top of any account and referral fees you have to pay. Amazon also offers some basic examples for determining product FBA fees.

While most high volume sellers on Amazon prefer the FBA system, please be aware that there are two factors that may reduce your profit margin. You need to be aware of these.

FBA Label Service

If you don't put the right barcode on your products, Amazon will do it for you. However, the company will charge you a barcode fee of $0.20 per item processed.

Long-Term Storage Fees

If your items stay at Amazon's fulfillment center for longer than 180 days or 6 months, you will also be charged an added fee, which is calculated on a cubic-foot basis. The good news is, you won't be charged per item, but based on warehouse space.

Remember . . .

If you plan to do your own shipping and fulfillment, you need to pay attention to Amazon's shipping credits. They can greatly impact your profitability.

Generally, small or compact and lightweight products are not a problem. However, if you're selling larger and heavier items, you need to pay close attention to the Amazon shipping credits you get. If you know that shipping credits could be an issue, you might want to use the Amazon FBA system.

Finally, Amazon Seller Fee costs change per country. For example, they will be different in the UK and India. For this article we used the US Amazon Sellers Fees for calculation.